I have not gotten a response yet so I will be completeing the alternate assignment by going to the website of the Childhood Poverty Research and Policy Centre’s page (http://www.childhoodpoverty.org/),and reading about childhood poverty in China.
I learned that in China, even despite a decline in number since the 1990’s, 4.2 million children live in absolute poverty and 8.7 million live in disadvantaged conditions. I attempted to find statistic on what the population of children in China is so that I could compare these numbers but was unable. I did however find some interesting information. China has a “one child policy” that was established by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in 1979 as a temporary measure to limit communist China’s population growth. The policy limits couples to one child and those couple that have more than one pregnancy suffer fines, pressures to abort a pregnancy, and even forced sterilization (Rosenberg, 2010).
China is the world’s most populated country with a population of 1.27 billion in 2001. In 2001, 5 per cent of China’s population lived below the national poverty line. Rural poverty is estimated to have fallen from 250 million in 1978 to 35 million in 2000 but between 4 and 8 per cent of the urban population (between 15 and 31 million people) still live in poverty.
As the structure of the economy has changed, the social security system has adapedt to protect people from different forms of poverty. Previously, in urban areas, only people without work, with no savings and with no family to depend on were eligible for financial support. A Minimum Living Standards (dibao) system has been developed that now covers 23 per cent of poor urban households but there are concerns that the amounts allocated are too small to meet people’s basic needs for food, clothing shelter, health and education and in particular, aren’t enough to allow families to pay the compulsory education fee.